Independence, Propertylessness, and Basic Income ePUB

Independence, Propertylessness, and Basic Income [Read] ➲ Independence, Propertylessness, and Basic Income Author Karl Widerquist – Freedom is commonly understood in two different ways the absence of restriction or interference scalar freedom and the absence of slavery or oppression status freedom Independence Propertylessness and Freedom is commonly understood in and Basic PDF/EPUB ¿ two different ways the absence of restriction or interference scalar freedom and the absence of slavery or oppression status freedom Independence Independence, Propertylessness, Kindle - Propertylessness and Basic Income argues that philosophers have focused too much on scalar freedom and proposes a theory of status freedom as effective control self ownership—simply freedom Propertylessness, and Basic MOBI ñ as the power to say no This exciting new volume argues for and explores the implications of this theory of freedom It shows that most societies today put the poor in situations in which they lack this crucial freedom making them vulnerable to poverty exploitation and injustice Wideruist argues that the basic income guarantee is an appropriate institution to help secure status freedom in a modern industrial society.

2 thoughts on “Independence, Propertylessness, and Basic Income

  1. Otto Lehto Otto Lehto says:

    Are people entitled to enough resources to survive? And enough to be independent from other people and their demands?This book argues that both private property rights regimes and governmental regimes commit injustice when they demand compulsory obedience whether in the name of libertarian freedom or egalitarian social justice This argument shares traits with left libertarianism classical liberalism republicanism and anarchism All people including the poor and the propertyless are owed the right to be left alone or where this is not possible to be compensated for the duties that society demands of them Our engagement with other people's projects should be set on a voluntaristic non dominating basis Neither laissez faire capitalism nor social democracy pass the test at least in their current or historical forms The best solution given the existence of widespread resource domination is for the government to secure a sufficient level of unconditional access to economic resources to all citizens This can best be done in the form of a basic income guarantee also known as UBI It will give them the power to say no a robust exit option from forced cooperation in the government backed game of harsh post industrial capitalismWideruist's book is a major contribution to the basic income literature standing shoulder to shoulder with Philippe van Parijs's 1995 classic Real Freedom for All The theory of freedom it expounds makes for a compelling argument that needs to be taken seriously by right libertarians and liberal egalitarians alike since it cuts at the heart of their theories It therefore revitalizes liberalism as a cutting edge research program of voluntarismWideruist's comprehensive theory goes by many names arguably too many names independentarianism justice as the pursuit of accord ECSO Effective Control Self Ownership freedom the power to say no This creates unnecessary confusion and overpopulation on the level of concepts For example the latter two are supposedly sub instances of the former two; but this broader theory that they point towards is only hinted at Even the title of the book is a little bit excessive in its cumbersome delineation of interlinked conceptsHowever once the reader is acuainted with the technical jargon employed the arguments flow easily The ideas are technical and philosophical but they are brought down from the ivory tower They are illustrated with the help of commonsensical thought experiments and the basic theory of the power to say no could as easily be explained to a five year old as a professional academic In this regard the book manages to be a reader friendly experience not exacly best seller material mind you due to the technical nature of the enterprise but certainly palatable to a wider audience And while many of the arguments that Wideruist uses have been made by earlier thinkers and sometimes the author overstates the uniueness of his arguments he manages to put it all together in a uniue way that should appeal to a broad curious audienceI have my disagreements about some of the technical arguments 1 The link between the positive right to UBI and the negative right to ECSO freedom is not explained in sufficient detail For example if freedom reuires non domination why not throw out the resources in the form of uncultivated land oil and minerals? Why deliver the resources to people rather than allow people to find and appropriate them? Why not give the resources as Paine proposed in the form of a single lump sum payment upon the age of adulthood? Why paternalize people with a monthly grant? 2 The notion of status freedom like any treshold theory suffers from demarcation problems why draw the line here rather than there? The capability approach with its voluminous lists of basic functionings seems to suffer from similar arbitrariness and vagueness And unlike scalar freedom status freedom runs against the psychological fact that people's desires seem to be never ending on a scale to infinity albeit with diminishing utility Overall I prefer the notion of scalar freedom even if it fits worse with a commitment to a minimum standard of resource sufficiency 3 What are the precise political implications of the theory? Can people be compelled with the bribe of UBI to accept the laws and regulations of the United States government? Or of Norway? It seems to me that the theory logically leads to a rejection of most forms of welfare states beyond UBI unless one ties the notion of freedom to an unreasonably weak view of sufficiency that excuses all kinds of coercion If one commits to the maximixation of the power to say no most forms of taxation and public services will appear unjust even after UBI is accounted for There does not seem to be any basis for eg forcibly taxing non rent seeking non resource dominating billionaires to reduce social ineualities at least beyond the certain provision of sufficiency This would count as compulsory cooperation After all do not billionaires and the people with whom they economically cooperate eg customers of their products their employees have the right not to be interfered with? I would be OK with this left libertarian conclusion but I think Wideruist would want to reject this conclusion since he has reservations towards libertarianism and fondness for the welfare state I'm looking forward to reading his upcoming books on justice to see where his position takes himOverall despite my reservations about some of the technical points and some of the terminology the book is an overwhelming success in what it sets out to do We desperately need new theories of freedom that revitalize lost traditions of voluntarism and break free from the right libertarian and left liberal deadlock Wideruist's argument is one of the best liberal cases for UBI out there right up there with Van Parijs Paine and Friedman It offers practical policy implications that are hard to ignore going forward

  2. Shaun Terry jr. Shaun Terry jr. says:

    Awesome book It's not without its flaws but for what it is it does an excellent job It's highly readable but not at all watered down It's concise and powerful I think that this book does a good job at recognizing the direction of future polities If the arc of the moral universe bends toward justice then maybe it's through greater individual independence and the eventual discontinuation of the servitude of oppressed groups The book's comparisons to and criticisms of popular ideas by Rawls Nozick and the like are smart and thought provoking I'd recommend this to anyone who's interested in political philosophy political science public policy sociology etc

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