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El Aleph ❰PDF / Epub❯ ☆ El Aleph Author Jorge Luis Borges – Natus-physiotherapy.co.uk در جهان داستان‌نویسیِ آمریکای لاتین، بعد از انتشار آثار بورخس، کمتر نوشته‌ی قابل اعتنائی می‌توان یافت که بر در جهان داستان‌نویسیِ آمریکای لاتین، بعد از انتشار آثار بورخس، کمتر نوشته‌ی قابل اعتنائی می‌توان یافت که برای دورشدن از واقعیت‌گرائیِ عینی توانسته باشد از جادو و ابداعِ خیالی‌سازی‌های بورخس، از نخستین پیشتازان سده‌ی بیستمیِ این نوع، چندان فاصله گرفته باشدزمان، جاودانگی، مرگ، ویژگی‌های شخصیت آدمی و دوگانگی‌اش، جنون، درد، تقدیر، همه و همه درونمایه‌های اصلیِ آثار غنائی–ماوراءالطبیعه‌ی بورخس‌اند که ما با آنها درقالب حکایت‌های رقت‌انگیز یا مصیبت‌بار روبه‌رو می‌شویم و بی‌درنگ خود را بدون پیداکردن فرصتی برای راه‌حل مانند اسیری چاره‌ناپذیر در آینه‌ی هزارتوی آن می‌یابیم قالب ابداعیِ او را نمی‌توان به‌زور در جغرافیای فرهنگیِ خاصی گنجاند؛ وسعتِ دامنه‌اش به‌اندازه‌ای است که سرتاسر جهان را درمی‌نوردد و عمق آن به‌یمن نامتناهی‌بودنش فراتر از گستره‌ای است که بستر تاریخ اندیشه‌ها را می‌سازد، اندیشه‌هائی که نسبت انسان را با کائنات رقم می‌زند‏.


10 thoughts on “El Aleph

  1. Glenn Russell Glenn Russell says:

    THE IMMORTALWe have all experienced different dimensions in our life to name just three waking deep sleep and dreaming Yet when it comes to describing or imagining the afterlife I’ve read very few accounts postulating how awareness could shift between various levels; rather life or lack of life after death tends to be portrayed as an uninterrupted hum all at one freuency the three major freuencies 1 awareness within a specific form like a light body 2 formless awareness that is our consciousness merging with undifferentiated oneness an ocean of universal conscious 3 complete obliteration without a trace of conscious awareness Why is this? Why can’t we think in terms of an alternating between various freuencies or modes of awareness perhaps even with an occasional shift into oblivion? And these uestions are compounded if we also think of our bodily existence on planet earth continuing forever if we became part of the race of the immortals uestions such as these pop up at least for me after reading this Jorge Luis Borges taleVintage Borges The Borges like narrator discloses a verbatim transcription of a document a French princess purchased in an old London bookshop after a conversation she had with the grubby old bookdealer in various languages French English Spanish Portuguese; she subseuently walked out of the shop with Alexander Pope's rendering of Homer’s Iliad in six volumes and later found this document in the last volume You have to love how our Borges like narrator isn’t claiming to invent the story; uite the contrary he is simply reporting on someone else’s factual account of their extraordinary experience The Manuscript The document’s narrator provides us with his back story in brief he is an officer in the Roman army in Egypt the Roman legions that have recently defeated Egyptian forces; however since he himself didn’t participate in any of the bloody combat he was propelled to embark on an adventure through the deserts in uest of the secret City of the Immortals You also have to love how the narrator an adventurous soldier hale hearty bold leader of men and lover of the god Mars functions as an alter ego to the frail bookish solitary Borges The Spark One day a stranger exhausted covered in blood rides into camp and prior to dropping dead that very evening informs the tribune how he is searching for the river that purifies men of death; and he goes on to say on the other side of that river lies the City of the Immortals a city filled with bulwarks amphitheaters and temples With the inclusion of amphitheaters as part of his description of the immortal city we are given a direct signal that what is contained within its walls shares a common culture with the Greco Roman world Anyway the stranger’s words fire his spirit and imagination thus primed for an astonishing discovery off they go the tribune and two hundred soldiers under his command provided complements of a high ranking military commander Going Solo As the tribune informs us the first part of the journey proved harrowing grueling and strenuous beyond endurance most of his men were either driven mad or died while others attempting desertion faced torture or crucifixion Also in this initial phase the seekers crossed lands and deserts of fantastic tribes including the Troglodytes who “devour serpents and lack all verbal commerce” Events reach such a pitch he is told by a soldier loyal to his cause that the remaining men desire to avenge a crucifixion of one of their comrades and plan to kill him He subseuently flees camp with several soldiers but disaster hits in the fury of blinding desert whirlwinds he uickly gets separated from now on he is on his own Turning Point Our tribune wanders for days in the desert forever scorched by the sun and parched by thirst until his living nightmare shifts and somehow he finds himself bound hands behind his back and lying in a stone niche the size of a grave on the slope of a mountain There’s a stream running at the foot of this mountain and beyond the stream he beholds the dazzling structures of the City of the Immortals Marcus Flaminius Rufus at this point the tribune lets us know his name can also see numerous holes riddling the mountain and valley and from those holes emerge grey skinned naked men with scraggly beards men he recognizes as belonging to the race of Troglodytes My sense is these Troglodytes represent a mode of being at the extreme opposite end of the spectrum from that of a refined aesthete and man of letters like Borges I suspect Borges perceived and perhaps dreamed many of his fellow humans inhabiting a Troglodyte like existence Exploration One After many days and having finally freed himself from his bonds Marcus enters the City of the Immortals Soon after he explores the periphery we read “The force of the day drove me to seek refuge in a cavern; toward the rear there was a pit and out of the pit out of the gloom below rose a ladder I descended the ladder and made my way through a chaos of sualid galleries to a vast indistinct circular chamber Nine doors opened into that cellar like place; eight led to a maze that returned deceitfully to the same chamber; the ninth led through another maze to a second circular chamber identical to the first” Anybody familiar with Jorge Luis Borges will recognized a number of recurrent themes mazes caverns ladders doors chaos circular chambers Exploration Two Having spent what appears an eternity underground Marcus spots a series of metal rungs on a wall leading to a circle of sky He climbs the ladder sobbing with tears of joy until he emerges into a type of small plaza within the brilliant City Marcus senses the city's antiuity and wanders along staircases and inlaid floors of a labyrinthine palace thinking how all what he sees is the work of the gods or accurately gods who have died or even perhaps since much of the architecture appears to lack any trace of practical purpose gods who were mad Then we read “I had made my way through a dark maze but it was the bright City of the Immortals that terrified and repelled me” And this is only the beginning as Marcus further discovers there are revelations even astonishing including the shocking true identity of one of those Troglodytes Universal uestions The second half of the tale takes a decidedly philosophical turn and in the spirit of this Borges classic I will conclude with a series of uestion posed either directly or indirectly by the narrator • How does memory relate to immortality? Is the erasure of our memory the first step in achieving immortality?• Likewise how does time relate to immortality and is the erasure of time a critical step in experiencing immortality?• If we were to experience a state free of memory and time in this life through powerful hallucinogens deep meditation or otherwise have we achieved a kind of immortality at least for a time? • What part does ecstasy and bliss play in the state or experience of immortality?• How far does the conseuences of our action extend? To a subseuent rebirth or afterlife in another state?• How much weight should we give to history or a specific epoch of history? To our own personal history? How much of history is so much smoke and mirrors? • What role does transformation on any level physical mental artistic spiritual play in our life?When I read the work of Jorge Luis Borges I feel like my universe is expanding a thousand fold And for good reason my universe is in fact expanding a thousand fold This is especially true as I read The Aleph and Other Stories Such sheer imaginative power Fantastic There are nearly fifty stories and brief tales collected here and every tale worth reading multiple timesFor the purposes of continuing this review I will focus on 4 stories the first 3 being no longer than 2 pages 432 moving down to the infinity of the Borges 0 which happens to be the shape of the Aleph Sorry I am getting too carried awayTHE TWO KINGS AND THE TWO LABYRINTHSThe king of Babylonia builds a labyrinth so confused and so subtle that the most prudent men would not venture to enter it and those who did would lose their way Although the king of Babylonia tricked the king of the Arabs into entering his diabolical labyrinth the king with the help of God manages to find the secret exit After claiming victory in a bloody war the king of the Arabs leads the king of Babylonia in turn into a different kind of labyrinth and says the Powerful One has seen fit to allow me to show thee mine which has no stairways to climb nor doors to force not wearying galleries to wander through nor walls to impede thy passage Then the king of the Arabs abandoned the king of Babylonia in the middle of the desert These two images of a labyrinth one intricate convoluted infinitely confusing and the other an endless desert have remained with me since I first read this tale some thirty years ago and will remain with me as long as there is a `me' with a memoryTHE CAPTIVEA tale of identity where a young boy with sky blue eyes is kidnapped in an Indian raid The parents recover their son who is now a man and bring him back to their home The man remembers exactly where he hid a knife Not long thereafter the man now an Indian in spirit returns to the wilderness The story ends with a uestion I would like to know what he felt in that moment of vertigo when past and present intermingled; I would like to know whether the lost son was reborn and died in that ecstatic moment and he ever managed to recognize even as a baby or a dog might his parents and the house For Borges memory and identity are ongoing themes After reading Borges I can assure you memory and identity have become ongoing themes for me alsoTHE PLOTHow many volumes have been written pondering and philosophizing over fate and free will? In two short paragraphs Borges gives us a tale where we are told Fate is partial to repetitions variations symmetries How exactly? Let's just say life is always bigger than human made notions of lifeTHE ALEPHAround the universe in fifteen pages There is a little something here for anybody who cherishes literature a dearly departed lover named Beatriz a madman and poet named Carlos Argentino Daneri who tells the first person narrator a man by the name of Borges about seeing the Aleph and of course the Aleph What will this Borges undergo to see the Aleph himself? We read I followed his ridiculous instructions; he finally left He carefully let down the trap door; in spite of a chink of light that I began to make out later the darkness seemed total Suddenly I realized the danger I was in; I had allowed myself to be locked underground by a madman after first drinking down a snifter of poison Rather than saying anything further about the Aleph let me simply note that through the magic of literature we as readers are also given a chance to see what Borges sees I dare anybody who has an aesthetic or metaphysical bone in their body to read this story and not make the Aleph a permanent part of their imaginationGo ahead Take the risk Be fascinated and enlarged Have the universe and all its details spinning in your head Read this book


  2. Bill Kerwin Bill Kerwin says:

    This is a masterful collection by a writer of genius I believe The Aleph is just as good as Fictions and Fictions is as good as any book of short pieces produced in the 20th Century If you like paradoxes puzzles doppelgangers and labyrinths used as metaphors for the relation of microcosm to macrocosm and the fluid nature of personal identity then this is the book for you These stories are profound but they are written in such an entertaining traditional narrative style that they might often be mistaken for pulp fiction if they weren't so astonishingly elegant


  3. Fionnuala Fionnuala says:

    The 'Aleph' is a small iridescent sphere of almost unbearable brightness which lives under the ninth stair of a dark basement in Buenos Aires The basement is in the house of would be poet Carlos Argentino Danieri whose life's work is a never to be completed poem inspired by the images he claims to see in the iridescent sphere and which becomes an impossibly detailed geography of the world as revealed to him by his many sessions lying on the basement floor gazing up at the Aleph The story of the Aleph than deserves its place as the title story of this collection It is not really about Danieri however but rather about the narrator of the story and his own mystical experience with the Aleph so what I've said here about Danieri won't spoil the story for you As is the case with all of Borges's stories this one has to be experienced no words of mine will doBut if I focussed on Danieri and his interminable poem about the geography of the world it was because he reminded me of a favourite French author Gustave Flaubert Alongside his many novels and stories Flaubert worked for years on a bizarre and never to be finished writing project which involved trying to investigatesummarise all the knowledge in the world including geography But because he also had a marvellous sense of fun Flaubert created a pair of buffoon characters called Bouvard and Pécuchet to help him exploit his obsession with knowledge The two characters get transformed by the knowledge they keep accumulating but are not necessarily wiser for the accumulation and even though Flaubert constantly satirises his comical pair the reader feels he is like them in their crazy desire to accumulate mountains of knowledge than he admitsBorges himself seems to have an eual fascination with knowledge about the world—his character Danieri is not unlike himself even though it is the narrator of The Aleph who comes across as most Borges like I've now read four collections of Borges's stories in two separate editions and I feel I've roamed across the geography and history of the known world—and several unknown worlds—alongside him But unlike Danieri and Bouvard Pécuchet there has been no sense of being overwhelmed by an accumulation of detail Instead I've been impressed by the way Borges hones everything down to the size of a walnut shellYes his stories are each in their own ways little iridescent spheres which allow us to transcend our own daily reality Some of them I'd like to keep in my pocket and rub from time to time as you would a talisman Others I'd probably want to lose rather than hold onto because they might haunt me in the long term But I'll never be not glad I read them


  4. Ahmad Sharabiani Ahmad Sharabiani says:

    EL aleph The Aleph and Other Stories Jorge Luis BorgesThe Aleph and Other Stories is a book of short stories by Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges The title work The Aleph describes a point in space that contains all other spaces at once The work also presents the idea of infinite time Borges writes in the original afterword dated May 3 1949 Buenos Aires that most of the stories belong to the genre of fantasy mentioning themes such as identity and immortality Borges added four new stories to the collection in the 1952 edition for which he provided a brief postscript to the afterwordContents The Immortal El inmortal; The Dead Man El Muerto; The Theologians Los teólogos; Story of the Warrior and the Captive Historia del guerrero y la cautiva; A Biography of Tadeo Isidoro Cruz 1829–1874 Biografía de Tadeo Isidoro Cruz 1829–1874; Emma Zunz; The House of Asterion La casa de Asterión; The Other Death La otra muerte; Deutsches Reuiem Deutsches réuiem; Averroes's Search La busca de Averroes; The Zahir El zahir; The Writing of the God La escritura del Dios; Ibn Hakam al Bokhari Murdered in His Labyrinth Abenjacán el Bojarí muerto en su laberinto; The Two Kings and the Two Labyrinths Una leyenda arábiga Historia de los dos reyes y los dos laberintos como nota de Burton; The Wait La espera; The Man on the Threshold El hombre en el umbral; The Aleph El Alephتاریخ نخستین خوانش روز دوم ماه ژوئن سال 2008 میلادیعنوان الف مجموعه 17 داستان کوتاه؛ اثر خورخه لوئیس بورخس؛ برگردان م طاهر نوکنده؛ مشخصات نشر تهران، نیلوفر، چاپ دوم 1387، در 245 ص، شابک 9789644483288، چاپ قبلی 1387 در 254 ص، کتابنامه از ص 241 تا 245، داستانهای کوتاه از نویسندگان آرژانتینی، سده 20 مدر جهان داستان‌نویسیِ «آمریکای لاتین»، پس از انتشار آثار «بورخس»، کمتر نوشته‌ ی قابل اعتنائی، می‌توان یافت، که برای دور شدن از واقعیت‌ گرائیِ عینی، توانسته باشد، از جادو، و ابداعِ خیالی‌ سازی‌های «بورخس»، از نخستین پیشتازان سده‌ ی بیستم میلادیِ این نوع، چندان فاصله گرفته باشد زمان، جاودانگی، مرگ، ویژگی‌های شخصیت آدمی، و دوگانگی‌ اش، جنون، درد، تقدیر، همه و همه، درونمایه‌ های اصلیِ آثار غنائی–ماوراء الطبیعه‌ ی «بورخس‌» هستند؛ که خوانشگر با آنها، در قالب حکایت‌های رقت‌ انگیز، یا مصیبت‌بار، روبرو می‌شود؛ و بی‌درنگ خود را بدون پیدا کردن فرصتی، برای یافتن راه‌ حل، همانند اسیری چاره‌ ناپذیر، در آینه‌ ی هزارتوی آن می‌یابد قالب ابداعیِ ایشان را، نمی‌توان به‌ جبر و زور، در جغرافیای فرهنگیِ ویژه ای گنجاند؛ وسعتِ دامنه‌ اش به‌ اندازه‌ ای ست، که سرتاسر جهان را درمی‌نوردد، و ژرفای آن، به‌ یمن نامتناهی‌ بودنش، فراتر از گستره‌ ای ست، که بستر تاریخ اندیشه‌ ها را می‌سازد، اندیشه‌ هائی که نسبت انسان را با کائنات رقم می‌زند‏ ا شربیانی


  5. The Artisan Geek The Artisan Geek says:

    24820Hardest book I have ever read but I appreciate it a lot30720Yessss Pulling up with my suad on this one Reading this with my diverse classics book club coming month You can find me onYoutube | Instagram | Twitter | Tumblr | Website | The Storygraph


  6. BlackOxford BlackOxford says:

    Down and Out in Lovecroft and BorgesAt some point but not today I intend to do a review of Borges and Lovecroft together Not to say anything important but merely to understand how they depend on one another I think it is clear that Borges borrowed from Lovecroft And I think it is just as clear that we read Lovecroft in light of what Borges did with the genre of fantasyhorror At least a half dozen stories have been identified by readers as ‘cross overs’ as it were from Lovecroft to Borges And it is difficult to conceive of an interpretation of the genre that doesn’t presume the philosophical challenges put by Borges But I think the influences may be much widely seen in the detail of the stories One obvious connection is the way both authors use the Arabic world and Islam especially as a focus for spiritual mystery Borges admitted to trying to write in the Arabic tradition during a seminar in the 1970's Lovecroft flirted with Islam in his young adulthood and clearly is familiar with Islamic particularly Sufi mythology Another connection between the two authors is their use of space in a story to represent spiritual awakening often in an inverted form Lovecroft tends downward inward into the earth and to the South when he enters the realm of the soul hell and fear Perhaps this reflects his New England upbringing and the remnants of Puritan myth Borges also goes downward but then typically rises upwards and puts his most primitive worlds in the North Could the swamps and relative wildness of Uruguay and the Ibera Wetlands be a sort of gnostic symbol of earthly chaos directly opposed to Protestant certainties? Who knows maybe in my twilight years something will emerge


  7. Cecily Cecily says:

    “Anything can drive a person insane if that person cannot manage to put it out of their mind” – even “a map of Hungary” Obsession is the unifying theme of virtually all these stories which is apt because I’m beginning to be a trifle obsessed myself It is perhaps most central to The ZahirI have the Collected Fictions with copious translator's notes but am splitting my review of that into its components listed in publication order Collected Fictions all reviews This is the fourth published in 1949 The now familiar Borgesian tropes are also here in abundance too time reality and dreams immortality infinity mirrors and opposites labyrinths recursion and circularity memoryAt this stage of working though Borge’s Collected Fictions I feel deeply connected There is still a beguiling mysterious layer but it’s not impenetrable by any means even though I’m very aware that I’m nowhere near as erudite as Borges so although I know many of the great literary names he drops I’m not necessarily intimately familiar with their worksThe Immortal 6What price immortality? And what an opening premise a story by a rare book dealer found by a princess in a copy of The Ilyad The story itself is about a mysterious obsessive uest to find the secret City of the ImmortalsThe journey includes Roman soldiers; escape; loneliness; fear of otherness; extraordinary architecture; finding a way through a labyrinth of caves ladders doors and multiple rooms; sinister troglodytes references to The Odyssey and much musing on life death mortality and the nature of time It sounds like a checklist of clichés but in the hands of this master storyteller it is fresh beautiful profound – and unsettling The city is found – abandoned and part ruined It is beautiful and impressive but somehow sinister – not an easy combination to describe “This place is the work of the gods The gods that built this place have died The gods that built this place were mad The impression of great antiuity was joined by others the impression of endlessness the sensation of oppressiveness and horror the sensation of complex irrationality A maze is a house built purposely to confuse men the architecture had no purpose” Its very existence “pollutes the past and the future and somehow compromises the stars”view spoilerThe barely communicative primitive troglodytes turn out to be the immortals who have left their city to live in the labyrinth instead The one the traveller befriends and names Argos after the dog in the Odyssey turns out to be Homer himself” This sort of evolutionary regression is explored in two stories in Brodie’s Report The Gospel According to Mark and the eponymous report of Brodie hide spoiler


  8. Théodore Théodore says:

    Borges's book had the gift of revealing an idea to me which after all I already had somewhere in the corners of my mind Literature repeats endlessly the same few themes the only thing that changes is the time of writing and reading The main themes used by Homer are found in contemporary works too Though the perspective is different Borges is fascinated by this idea of the text that is written endlessly that only by getting lost in this re reading of the text will we come to understand the supreme text These 17 fantastic stories contained in Aleph folow this obsession of finding the symbol that most accurately depicts the divinity His prose has a fantastic air and this fantastic is the means by which Borges invites us to know the divinity Of course this knowledge cannot be rational because the human mind is limited it is rather one of trust of acceptance of the existence of the state of miracle And Borges's miracle is manifested in purely holistic images What has his prose in addition to the mystical texts is precisely the astonishment that encompasses the one who saw the unseen The author finds a very strong connection between dream and revelation The symbol of the labyrinth is perhaps the most present in the book along with that of the double Borges's God has as many faces as there are religions he is the Text that brings together the texts of the whole world from all times he is a God who changes from reading to reading always keeping the same features but with a different face Although difficult to decipher Borges's prose is fascinanting the only problem with this writer is that once you read it you are left with the desire to re read it endlessly


  9. Owlseyes Owlseyes says:

    Stevenson Wells Twain Vernethe Arabian Nights were some of the references for Borges very early on back in Argentina At his father’s library he read a lot Then he went to Europe Borges “American old and a blind poet “ he realized once later in life Afterwards he had to live up to it and face old age as a “time of happiness”; the “animal being deadman and soul go on” Borges “a shy man who longed for oblivion” “siempre tímido” as he said of himself But not shy stories he wrote Stories venturing into strange worlds of past times and mythologies and religious beliefs by BorgesOf his infancy he recalls the horror of mirrors “that reflection””an enemy of me” For some time before complete blindness he’s seen “vague whitish shapes” He’s seen the black and the red Then the “silver color left”blue and yellow “blended” Yellow was the “last color” to be seen Blindness “came very uietly” He knew about family blindness Some family members had died blind by BorgesNow blind books have “no letters””friends are faceless” And yet he pursues the search for his “secret centermy Algebramy mirror my keysoon I shall know who I am” Borges in search for himselfTime has been my Democritus The first story is about the writing of God; about a magician Tzinacan imprisoned He finds a way outbut decides to stay Imprisoned The second story is about the Zahir the coin first gotten as money change from a drink aguardente It all starts with the death of actress Teodelina Villar According to the author she committed the solipsism of dying right on the “bairro der sur” She was interested in perfection rather than beauty It’s a story full of reflections on currency”money is abstract””unpredictable” it may be “coffeeBrahms music” On the 16th of July the narrator bought 1 sterling pound and studied it under the magnifying glass In August due to insomnia he had to consult with a psychiatrist He could not get rid of a fixed idea The narrator has had a dream “I was the coin a Griffin watched” Plus reflections on Sufi wisdom the repetition of names for 99 times “maybe behind it is God” Ah the zahir the coin The narrator got rid of it In a drink “The zahir is the shadow of the rose and the parting of the veil”; “now I use both” Mostly stories to ponder To enjoy their full color Maybe to get perplexed To start searching for meaning Identity too Stories to be read not once But 9 times Or 99 times Over 9 years Preferably over 99 years If you've got the timeUPDATENice interviewhttpsborgestodoelanioblogspotcom


  10. Jason Jason says:

    You're avoiding a single star Borges simply because I try my best not to dish them out There's little value in reading if one is going to try consider ways to dislike doing it I love your ideas but not your executions Reading through the contents list I can easily choose five or six stories whose very conception alone excite meThe Immortal The Zahir The Writing of The God The House of Asterion but you continually bashed me over the head with names places dates literary and historical allusionsall of which I recognise as necessary to legitimise a story's authenticity but I simply wanted a story not a reference manual It would have been fine had the stories been chunkier but when I have five or consecutive lines of undiluted information being dunked into me I'm than likely going to have to return to the beginning of the sentence to remind myself what it was originally about To my mind it seems the reason you didn't get that award from the guys in Sweden was because you simply tried much too hard to get it But I'll give you the respect you clearly deserve by putting you back in my bookshelf where you sat before instead of throwing you with the scrapheap in the corner


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