Vehmgerichte und Hexenprozesse in Deutschland PDF Ë

Vehmgerichte und Hexenprozesse in Deutschland [EPUB] ✹ Vehmgerichte und Hexenprozesse in Deutschland By Oskar Wächter – Dieses ebook pdf darf für kommerzielle oder teil kommerzielle Zweckeweder neu veröffentlicht kopiert gespeichert angepriesen übermitteltgedruckt öffentlich zur Schau gestellt verteilt noch irgendw Dieses ebook pdf darf für kommerzielle Hexenprozesse in eBook ✓ oder teil kommerzielle Zweckeweder neu veröffentlicht kopiert gespeichert angepriesen übermitteltgedruckt öffentlich zur Schau gestellt verteilt noch irgendwie andersverwendet werden ohne unsere ausdrückliche vorherige schriftlicheGenehmigung Eine gänzlich nicht kommerzielle Verwendung ist jedochgestattet solange das ebook pdf unverändert bleibt.

6 thoughts on “Vehmgerichte und Hexenprozesse in Deutschland

  1. Alex Alex says:

    Topically the book consists of an introduction that describes the political and legal situation in Germany during the Middle Ages then a chapter on the Vehmic Courts in Westphalia and then one on the Witch Hunts It's a sophisticated way of arranging this book as it creates a natural contrast between the just Vehmic Courts and the unjust and perverse Witch HuntsIn the introduction the author describes the Middle Ages as a brutal and raw time where people were banished maimed hanged and buried alive sometimes for trifling accusations The lords often declared feuds and fought wars during which they burned and pillaged Declaring feuds was their right but that right was often abused and the formalities like giving a reason for the feud were often neglected The Emperor was often powerless to stop these wars although it did happen that unruly lords got their due when they stepped out of line Two things irk me a little The first is that the Middle Ages are treated as too homogenous to me when that was a very long period This oddity doesn't persist throughout the book and later chapters are differentiated The second is that it was hard to get a scope of how much violence really happened How many people died how many of the lords had such a disregard for law and human life and so on Were these bad apples or were they bad apples There's also no comparison with earlier or later periods I can hardly blame the book for that however as this is really just an introduction in a book that's pretty short to begin with and as the work takes a ualitative not so much a uantitative approach It tries to describe events not crunch numbers although it does that too For a fuller picture of the Middle Ages there's a lot of other literature to check out something that I want to do in the future and for a comparative study with a stronger focus on numbers Atrocitology is a good place to start Finally Democracy The God That Failed and Liberty or Euality favorably compare older times and institutions with the modern onesThe next chapter is on the Vehmic Courts a rather obscure institution but apparently a very influential one They were a network of secret courts that could trace their history back to Charlemagne and the free courts he legitimized and they judged serious crimes like kidnapping or murder when the official courts weren't always able to The accused was formally charged to a hearing that was open for anyone to attend and the case was decided by oaths as was common for the time If he didn't follow the charge the hearing was instead secret The Vehmic Courts operated in the dark even if the hearings were public if the charge was followed and only their own judges knew of their customs and laws Every guilty verdict was Oskar Wächter praises them as an organization that delivered swift and relentless justice for anyone and against anyone petty highway robbers or dukes It was truly remarkable and surprisingly incorruptible too until later in its lifetime when the rules for joining it became lax This chapter is introduced by the way with two very entertaining short stories that describe a public and then a secret hearing It's a really great way of immersing your reader in the times instead of reciting facts to himIn contrast to the brutal but just Vehmic Courts the author puts the Witch Hunts Here he makes it clear from the beginning that they were mainly a phenomenon of the 15th to 17th century He describes the origins and the procedures of the inuisition the methods of torture and execution used against ostensible witches and the laws and beliefs that pertained to it as well as the role of the Catholic Church in them He puts the number of killed witches at a million to several million which is a bit outdated thirty thousand to five hundred thousand is seen as likely today but then again this book is from 1882 so of course it's outdated Once the book is interesting for its ualitative not uantitative data anyway He describes several witch trials from beginning to end and sadly only a few don't end in an execution and none has a happy end His descriptions are immersive and he knows how to let them speak for themselves so that the bleak atmosphere feels authentic and not like the result of a manipulative narrative To conclude this chapter he explains the witch hunts as the results of pagan beliefs in witch craft combined with a Christian intolerance for witch craft and a primitive legal system He rejects the idea that the Enlightenment ended this bleak chapter of mankind by substituting reason for superstition and instead believes that the witch hunts ended because witch craft stopped being seen as the affair of worldly authorities to be dealt with by worldly powers All in all his theory is differentiated fair and a good starting point for finding your own explanation of these eventsI enjoyed this book a lot and learned a great deal from it It's a great alternative to entertainment literature easy to understand considering that it throws out uite a lot of data and will be of particular interest to people like me that enjoy hearing about legal systems different from ours Sadly I'm not aware of an English translation but the work should be in the public domain by now so I might commission one of my own some time

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