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In Dubious Battle ✈ [PDF / Epub] ✅ In Dubious Battle By John Steinbeck ✸ – Natus-physiotherapy.co.uk At once a relentlessly fast paced, admirably observed novel of social unrest and the story of a young man s struggle for identity, In Dubious Battle is set in the California apple country, where a str At once a relentlessly fast paced, admirably observed novel of social unrest and the story of a young man s struggle for identity, In Dubious Battle is set in the California apple country, where a strike by migrant workers against rapacious landowners spirals out of control, as a principled defiance metamorphoses into blind fanaticism Caught in the upheaval is Jim Nolan, a once aimless In Dubious PDF or man who find himself in the course of the strike, briefly becomes its leader, and is ultimately crushed in its service.

  • Paperback
  • 304 pages
  • In Dubious Battle
  • John Steinbeck
  • English
  • 04 October 2019
  • 0143039636

About the Author: John Steinbeck

John Steinbeck III was an American writer He wrote the Pulitzer Prize winning novel The Grapes of Wrath, published in and the novella Of Mice and Men, published in In all, he wrote twenty five books, including sixteen novels, six non fiction books and several collections of short stories In Steinbeck received the Nobel Prize for LiteratureSteinbeck grew up in the In Dubious PDF or Salinas Valley region of California, a culturally diverse place of rich migratory and immigrant history This upbringing imparted a regionalistic flavor to his writing, giving many of his works a distinct sense of place Steinbeck moved briefly to New York City, but soon returned home to California to begin his career as a writer Most of his earlier work dealt with subjects familiar to him from his formative years An exception was his first novel Cup of Gold which concerns the pirate Henry Morgan, whose adventures had captured Steinbeck s imagination as a childIn his subsequent novels, Steinbeck found aauthentic voice by drawing upon direct memories of his life in California Later he used real historical conditions and events in the first half of th century America, which he had experienced first hand as a reporter Steinbeck often populated his stories with struggling characters his works examined the lives of the working class and migrant workers during the Dust Bowl and the Great Depression His later body of work reflected his wide range of interests, including marine biology, politics, religion, history, and mythology One of his last published works was Travels with Charley, a travelogue of a road trip he took in to rediscover America He died in in New York of a heart attack and his ashes are interred in SalinasSeventeen of his works, including The Grapes of Wrath , Cannery Row , The Pearl , and East of Eden , went on to become Hollywood films, and Steinbeck also achieved success as a Hollywood writer, receiving an Academy Award nomination for Best Story in for Alfred Hitchcock s Lifeboat.



10 thoughts on “In Dubious Battle

  1. Ahmad Sharabiani Ahmad Sharabiani says:

    In Dubious Battle, John SteinbeckIn Dubious Battle is a novel by John Steinbeck, written in 1936 The central figure of the story is an activist attempting to organize abused laborers in order to gain fair wages and working conditions In Dubious Battle deals with a fruit workers strike in a California valley and the attempts of labor unions to organize, lead, and provide for the striking pickers Jim Nolan meets Harry Nilson who initiates Jim s application process to become the newest member o In Dubious Battle, John SteinbeckIn Dubious Battle is a novel by John Steinbeck, written in 1936 The central figure of the story is an activist attempting to organize abused laborers in order to gain fair wages and working conditions In Dubious Battle deals with a fruit workers strike in a California valley and the attempts of labor unions to organize, lead, and provide for the striking pickers Jim Nolan meets Harry Nilson who initiates Jim s application process to become the newest member of the Party Mac Doc McLeod, the Party organizer, tells Jim they will go to the Torgas Valley a composite location in an attempt to rouse the two thousand fruit tramps against the Growers Association, and to encourage the strike to spillover into the cotton fields in Tandale Momentum for strike action builds after old Dan breaks two rungs out of a ladder and falls London becomes chairman of a committee of seven men, while Mac convinces Alfred Anderson s father, Al, to loan five acres as a base for the fruit tramps in exchange for them picking his crop for free Doc Burton is hired by Mac to maintain the sanitation of the strikers camp, so as to prevent it from being disbanded by the Red Cross Jim joins Sam in a picket as they go after some scabs in the apple orchard Sam s pickets violently injure them In the aftermath, Jim is injured by a high powered bullet but manages to limp back to the camp relatively unscathed While out on the road Dakin, the leader of the pickers, is ambushed by a vigilante group at gunpoint This is disrupted by the arrival of traffic cops whose presence is enough to tame the feral Dakin As Jim learns of Dakin s whereabouts, Mac tells him they cannot delay Joy s funeral as his death or the grisly manner of it has become the animating impulse to undergird the strike 1982 1360 375 1370 1393 408 9786007436158 20

  2. Lyn Lyn says:

    John Steinbeck s 1936 novel In Dubious Battle with a title and opening quote from Milton tells the tragic story of a labor strike amongst apple growers and pickers in a fictionalized California.Considered by some to be his first major novel, Steinbeck readers will notice many themes that would later become central focuses of his writing like labor injustices, group dynamics, and man s ability for and propensity for cruelty and inhumanity These same themes would later be explored in Steinbeck John Steinbeck s 1936 novel In Dubious Battle with a title and opening quote from Milton tells the tragic story of a labor strike amongst apple growers and pickers in a fictionalized California.Considered by some to be his first major novel, Steinbeck readers will notice many themes that would later become central focuses of his writing like labor injustices, group dynamics, and man s ability for and propensity for cruelty and inhumanity These same themes would later be explored in Steinbeck s seminal work The Grapes of Wrath published in 1939 and winning the National Book Award and Pulitzer Prize and Steinbeck would go on to win the Nobel Prize in 1962.In a style reminiscent of his work Of Mice and Men as well as Jack London s writing due to the theme Steinbeck tells the story of Jim Nolan, a young and impressionable man who has committed himself to a socialist of communist party to take part in a labor strike between apple pickers and the growers association Mentored and used by veteran labor activist Mac McLeod, Jim learns the fundamentals of labor organization and also learns, the hard way, about society s reactions to and against such activities.Told with sympathy towards labor movements and the nobility of the common man, Steinbeck remains objective and also provides some stern criticisms for socialism as well, especially in regard to practices that are no better than the capitalists they fight.Using strong, powerful language, Steinbeck describes the enforcers of the establishment they re the dirtiest guys in any town They re the same ones that burned the houses of old German people during the war They re the same ones who like to lynch Negroes They like to be cruel They like to hurt people, and they always give it a nice name, like patriotism, or protecting the constitution Simply told, with languages and images that are evocative, and with a message that is timeless, In Dubious Battle is one of Steinbeck s lesser known, butserious works

  3. Faith Faith says:

    Mac is a communist labor organizer in the 1930s He is willing to use anyone and do anything necessary to further his cause He and Jim, his recently recruited young colleague, set out to start a strike of apple pickers, who are burdened by low wages and poor working conditions The only person towards whom the manipulative Mac is sincerely solicitous is Jim The strikers face opposition from well organized farmers and law enforcement I wasn t aware of this book before this year, but it is now Mac is a communist labor organizer in the 1930s He is willing to use anyone and do anything necessary to further his cause He and Jim, his recently recruited young colleague, set out to start a strike of apple pickers, who are burdened by low wages and poor working conditions The only person towards whom the manipulative Mac is sincerely solicitous is Jim The strikers face opposition from well organized farmers and law enforcement I wasn t aware of this book before this year, but it is now one of my favorite books by this author He is so good at creating realistic characters and using them to illustrate societal problems The book s themes include economic disparity and group dynamics Mac brilliantly herds the crowd of farm workers, no matter the costs It seems that blood incites action

  4. Jason Koivu Jason Koivu says:

    At a time when the divide in this country between rich and poor is as great as it s ever been, a book like In Dubious Battle becomes quite pertinent once .It s the Great Depression and the Red Scare has the nation suspicious of anyone who might organize a strike for better wages, for something higher than the starvation level pay the bosses are handing out to hard up fieldworkers Steinbeck s In Dubious Battle follows Jim, a newcomer to the Communist Party Mac, a strike agitator takes him u At a time when the divide in this country between rich and poor is as great as it s ever been, a book like In Dubious Battle becomes quite pertinent once .It s the Great Depression and the Red Scare has the nation suspicious of anyone who might organize a strike for better wages, for something higher than the starvation level pay the bosses are handing out to hard up fieldworkers Steinbeck s In Dubious Battle follows Jim, a newcomer to the Communist Party Mac, a strike agitator takes him under his wing and off they go to a California apple valley, where the bosses have cut wages Here they meet a number of different individuals who represent the various sides of the conflict Steinbeck s character development is quite impressive here, considering he constructed an ensemble cast and breathed life into each of them, so that they all appear almost real and not just two dimensional caricatures And while the author originally set out to write a non fiction account of a workers strike, he has succeeded in portraying this as an utterly believable fiction that does not drag due to political agenda proselytizing.While Steinbeck is for the working man, his sympathies do not make him entirely blind to the failings of the radical left He does question why, when man rules the Earth, would man subject man to a sub subsistence existence Why not share the wealth Well, Steinbeck points to the lazy, shiftless who prefer to shirk duty and steal to get by rather than do their fair share And then there s the greedy need in some men to rule, to gather up all the wealth and power they can for their own selfish desire There it is again, those extremists who go screwing it up again for the rest of stuck in the middle

  5. Kim Kim says:

    Writing novels about the poor and dispossessed in 1930s California and in the process attracting the wrath of farmers organisations and the attention of the FBI gave John Steinbeck a reputation which has persisted to this day Many people assume that he was a communist, or at the very least a socialist This novel, along with The Grapes of Wrath and Of Mice and Men is a work which cemented Steinbeck s reputation in that regard However, the characterization of Steinbeck s politics as socialist Writing novels about the poor and dispossessed in 1930s California and in the process attracting the wrath of farmers organisations and the attention of the FBI gave John Steinbeck a reputation which has persisted to this day Many people assume that he was a communist, or at the very least a socialist This novel, along with The Grapes of Wrath and Of Mice and Men is a work which cemented Steinbeck s reputation in that regard However, the characterization of Steinbeck s politics as socialist or communist is incorrect While he had a passion for supporting the underdog, he wasn t any further to the left politically than New Deal Democrat Steinbeck was, if anything, disparaging about communists, commenting in a letter to a friend shortly after this novel was published I don t like communists either I mean I dislike them as people I rather imagine the apostles had the same waspish qualities and the New Testament is proof that they had equally bad manners The plot of this novel Steinbeck s fifth focuses on fruit growers in a fictional valley in California Two Party presumably Communist Party activists the seasoned campaigner Mac MacLeod and his young apprentice Jim Nolan infiltrate a group of itinerant fruit pickers with the intention of provoking a strike and violent confrontation with the growers From the beginning Mac is aware that the strategy is doomed to failure because of the superior resources of the growers However, he doesn t hesitate to manipulate the fruit pickers and to use whatever means at his disposal to achieve the Party s objectives The novel works on a number of levels At its simplest level, it analyses the process of manipulating a group of people to achieve a political end However, it s also an exploration of one of Steinbeck s favourite themes group behaviour and the way in which it differs from the behaviour of individuals The novel also functions as Jim Nolan s bildungsroman, the psychological portrait of a young man moving from disaffection to self knowledge as he discovers his skills and strengths Unusually for Steinbeck, the novel contains relatively little description of the natural world Instead, most of the action is contained in dialogue However, even with the absence of descriptive language, there is a cinematic quality to the narrative I could picture scenes in the novel as scenes from a film detailed, vivid and striking The characters are also striking with a solidity and reality I ve come to expect from Steinbeck s writing Writing a novel like The Grapes of Wrath meant that everything else Steinbeck wrote either before or after was going to be compared to it That was a burden for Steinbeck as it would be for any writer Given the subject matter of this novel, the comparison with The Grapes of Wrath is eveninevitable That s a shame, because this work has its own power And according to Wikipedia it s Barack Obama s favourite Steinbeck novel, which may well be another reason to read it, should a reason be required

  6. Chrissie Chrissie says:

    Maybe I am being too stingy with my stars here, maybe the book deserves five This is one of Steinbeck s best The ending is perfect There is not a misstep taken The distrust that has been mounting adds a pinch of ambiguity, not concerning view spoiler Jim s death nor how his death will benefit the union nor how Jim would be proud to forfeit his life for the union, but whether the child calling for help was or was not a trap hide spoiler The pinch of ambiguity adds a superb touch to an e Maybe I am being too stingy with my stars here, maybe the book deserves five This is one of Steinbeck s best The ending is perfect There is not a misstep taken The distrust that has been mounting adds a pinch of ambiguity, not concerning view spoiler Jim s death nor how his death will benefit the union nor how Jim would be proud to forfeit his life for the union, but whether the child calling for help was or was not a trap hide spoiler The pinch of ambiguity adds a superb touch to an ending that is realistic and feels absolutely right Let s backtrack a bit Published in 1936, the book is about labor unions It is set in the years of the Depression, in the fruit fields of California The pickers are struggling The growers are struggling Those in the unions, fighting for the rights of the pickers, are struggling too They are pointed at and declaimed as Reds, dangerous subversives from abroad The situation is explosive.A union is a group of many Each participant plays a different role The organizers, the strikers, the picketers, those on the sidelines and those smack in the middle all have a role to play, but no two roles are the same Each participant has also a different goal Steinbeck shows how each one is thinking, feeling and reacting to what happens around them Their fear and anger, as well as the hopelessness that lead many to throw in the towel and give up, is what is drawn On the opposing side we meet those of the growers organization, the police and the strikebreakers Th book excels in its character portrayal.The writing shines Steinbeck creates true to life dialogues He had me marveling at his ability to create an atmosphere of suspense, fear, anger, impending danger and relief when the danger is washed away I felt the last when a view spoiler baby is born hide spoiler A wide variety of emotions are felt Steinbeck draws places and people so you see them You hear the roar of a truck revving up, the stealthy, muffled sounds of one person creeping up on another The prose is quite simply special, very special Steinbeck writes well, very well I recommend this book highly I have never read a book that portrays so well the different sorts of people that make up and are necessary to a union.Tom Stechschulte narrates the audiobook wonderfully He uses different intonations for the different characters You hear who is speaking, but he does not exaggerate You simply forget that the narrator is there Every word is clear Five stars to Stechschulte s performance Steinbeck s books in order of preference Of Mice and Men 5 stars The Grapes of Wrath 5 stars In Dubious Battle 4 stars Travels with Charley In Search of America 4 stars The Moon Is Down 4 stars Cannery Row 4 stars The Winter of Our Discontent 3 stars A Russian Journal 3 stars The Pearl 3 stars Sweet Thursday 2 stars East of Eden 2 stars

  7. Jim Jim says:

    Perfectly titled All American workers, the common men, are caught between Communists Capitalists Only one sentence in the book speaks for the Capitalists, the market price of apples has gone down, thus the migrant pickers wages are lower when they arrive than they expected Already on the bitter edge, the migrant workers are at the mercy of the growers, the Capitalists, unless they can band together to be a force to be reckoned with which makes them ripe picking for the Communists.Jim, a new Perfectly titled All American workers, the common men, are caught between Communists Capitalists Only one sentence in the book speaks for the Capitalists, the market price of apples has gone down, thus the migrant pickers wages are lower when they arrive than they expected Already on the bitter edge, the migrant workers are at the mercy of the growers, the Capitalists, unless they can band together to be a force to be reckoned with which makes them ripe picking for the Communists.Jim, a new recruit for the Reds , wades into this maelstrom with all the good intentions in the world He sees the workers plight, fights for them, wants to doLearning from Mack, he soon outstrips his mentor Along the way, a lot of people get hurt, but he keeps his eye on the Big Picture.It s a perfect book for the times in which we live where everyone is talking about the 1%, the imbalance between the haves the have nots On the surface, the book seems to espouse the cause of Communism, but there is a lot unsaid a rather ugly subtext Very little sympathy is wasted on anyone who has anything no matter how hard they worked for it.The Reds don t really care what they have to do to create conditions for their revolution It doesn t matter how poorly they use anyone nor who they hurt so long as the Cause goes forward The Capitalists don t care about the workers so long as their apples get picked, but that s as true of the little guys as it is the bigger ones The workers just want to be able to eat, but are often nothing save a fickle mob mentality easily swayed by whoever has the last say Most areworried about their next meal than the future It was ugly so true, a truly dubious battle.The characters were great spoke volumes There was a lot of dialogue that described the scene far better than I would have expected I liked that method better than plain narration Best of all, the book made me think a lot I m still thinking about it will for ages Highly recommended.PS English Teachers, please consider this as a reading assignment rather than The Red Pony, the worst book by Steinbeck that I was forced to read 3 times in school It SUCKS I was turned off Steinbeck for decades If my own son hadn t read Of Mice and Men badgered me into reading it, I never would have read another of his novels would have missed out on so much

  8. Jeff Dickison Jeff Dickison says:

    This book is the immediate precursor to The Grapes of Wrath , one of the greatest books ever written, and for that reason alone deserves 3 stars Many of the themes and issues in Grapes were first introduced here However, the communists or reds, were not very sympathetic or even interesting I really didn t care what happened to them But the Jobes in Grapes could have fallen right out of my family tree my mother s family went to Arizona in 39 to pick cotton and were muchbelievabl This book is the immediate precursor to The Grapes of Wrath , one of the greatest books ever written, and for that reason alone deserves 3 stars Many of the themes and issues in Grapes were first introduced here However, the communists or reds, were not very sympathetic or even interesting I really didn t care what happened to them But the Jobes in Grapes could have fallen right out of my family tree my mother s family went to Arizona in 39 to pick cotton and were muchbelievable and true to life Steinbeck is my favorite author and should be read by anyone who likes great writing

  9. Jon Jon says:

    In Dubious Battle is the first of Steinbeck s three Dust Bowl novels, with Of Mice and Men and The Grapes of Wrath being the other two While all three books amply display Steinbeck s profound empathy for those who are marginalized and disenfranchised, In Dubious Battle is arguably theovertly political of the three books As the book opens, one of the main characters, Jim Nolan, joins the Communist Party For his first assignment, Nolan is sent with Mac, one of the Party s veteran labor or In Dubious Battle is the first of Steinbeck s three Dust Bowl novels, with Of Mice and Men and The Grapes of Wrath being the other two While all three books amply display Steinbeck s profound empathy for those who are marginalized and disenfranchised, In Dubious Battle is arguably theovertly political of the three books As the book opens, one of the main characters, Jim Nolan, joins the Communist Party For his first assignment, Nolan is sent with Mac, one of the Party s veteran labor organizers, to help foment a strike among migratory fruit pickers in a small California valley When the pickers arrived in the valley for the yearly harvest, the Grower s Association announced that their wages would be dramatically reduced, creating the perfect conditions for the organizers to capitalize on the residual anger of the pickers and strike a blow for economic equality The book follows their efforts to get the strike off the ground and Jim s growth as an organizer as he learns from hisexperienced partner.While both Mac and Jim are often sympathetic, the book is far from a love letter to the Communist Party Mac is ruthless and, in his own way, as equally manipulative of the workers as the Grower s Association is To Mac, the workers are merely a means to an end and the potential suffering that the strike might inflict upon them doesn t even merit consideration In fact, he fervently hopes that things will turn bad There s the bulk of power in the hands of a few men That always makes em cocky Now we start our strike, and Torgas County gets itself an ordinance that makes congregation unlawful Now what happens We congregate the men A bunch of sheriff s men try to push them around, and that starts a fight There s nothing like a fight to cement the men together Well, then the owners start a vigilantes committee, bunch of fool shoe clerks, or my friends the American Legion boys trying to pretend they aren t middle aged, cinching in their belts to hide their pat bellies they I go again Well, the vigilantes start shooting If they knock over some of the tramps we have a public funeral and after that, we get some real action Maybe they have to call out the troops Jesus, man The troops win, all right But every time a guardsman jabs a fruit tramp with a bayonet a thousand men all over the country come on our side Christ Almighty If we can only get the troops called out if the strike succeeds and the growers capitulate, it will be a small victory, but Mac and Jim really don t want a small victory Instead, a spectacular failure serves their cause better This complexity is one of the book s strengths Steinbeck isn t content to write a simple story of good versus evil and while Mac and Jim support workers in general, they see nothing wrong with exploiting and manipulating these workers to acheive their goals Throughout the book, Steinbeck also offers a crash course in mob mentality as the fruit pickers are eventually coaxed and manipulated into staging their strike and then to keep their resolve up in the face of inevitable pushback from the growers and local authorities Sprinkled throughout the book are philosophical arguments between the two organizers and one of their helpers, Doc Burton, a man sympathetic to their goals but distrustful of their methods In Burton s opinion the end doesn t justify the means, instead, the means determines the end The end is never very different in its nature from the means you can only build a violent thing with violence It seems to me that man has engaged in a blind and fearful struggle of a past he can t understand, into a future he can t forsee nor understand Mac and Jim s goal is to use the strike as a means to bring together countless other exploited workers across the country The ultimate goal of which is to destroy the capitalistic system that is oppressing them That the battle will be lost is foreshadowed with the quote that opens the book The title is a quote from Milton s Paradise Lost In it, Satan describes his attempt to overthrow God Innumerable force of Spirits armed, That durst dislike his reign, and me preferring, His utmost power with adverse power opposedIn dubious battle on the plains of HeavenAnd shook his throne What though the field be lost The book does have some weaknesses, with the lack of strong female characters being the most glaring While there are plenty of women in the book, most of them are non entities that aren t even given the benefit of a name The one female character that Steinbeck spends any time on is portrayed rather negatively and isn t particularly bright Still, while it doesn t rise to the level of Steinbeck s best work, the book is worth reading and contains some of Steinbeck s classic themes

  10. Marvin Marvin says:

    There is not a Steinbeck novel I don t like, but In Dubious Battle has stayed with me the longest This novel is also the one that Steinbeck fans often forget about Its tale of the struggles between a party organizer and the agricultural system doesn t fit well with reader s depiction of good and bad sides While Steinbeck identifies with the worker and the union organizers, he also recognizes the fact that each side manipulates and sacrifices often in a cynical way Much of the novel relat There is not a Steinbeck novel I don t like, but In Dubious Battle has stayed with me the longest This novel is also the one that Steinbeck fans often forget about Its tale of the struggles between a party organizer and the agricultural system doesn t fit well with reader s depiction of good and bad sides While Steinbeck identifies with the worker and the union organizers, he also recognizes the fact that each side manipulates and sacrifices often in a cynical way Much of the novel relates this view through dialogues between Jim, the new volunteer in the party and Mac, a long time organizer who knows reality all too well This is a novel that gets down in the mud with the characters and takes you into a world that you may not want to go but need to know about This is a forgotten classic that should be mentioned right along with The Grapes of Wrath and Of Mice and Men

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