Real Education: Four Simple Truths for Bringing America's


Real Education: Four Simple Truths for Bringing America's Schools Back to Reality ❴PDF / Epub❵ ☉ Real Education: Four Simple Truths for Bringing America's Schools Back to Reality Author Charles Murray – Natus-physiotherapy.co.uk The most talked about education book this semester New York TimesFrom the author of Coming Apart, and based on a series of controversial Wall Street Journal op eds, this landmark manifesto gives voice Four Simple Epub á The most talked about education book this semester New York TimesFrom the author of Coming Apart, and based on a series of controversial Wall Street Journal op eds, this landmark manifesto gives voice to what everyone knows about talent, ability, and intelligence but no one wants to admit With four truths as his framework, Charles Murray, the bestselling coauthor of The Bell Curve, sweeps away the hypocrisy, wishful thinking, and upside down priorities that grip America s educational establishment Ability Real Education: ePUB í varies Children differ in their ability to learn, but America s educational system does its best to ignore this Half of the children are below average Many children cannot learn than rudimentary reading and math Yet decades of policies have required schools to divert resources to unattainable goals Too many people are going to college Only a fraction of students struggling to get a degree can profit from education at the college level America s future depends on how we educate Education: Four Simple PDF ↠ the academically gifted It is time to start thinking about the kind of education needed by the young people who will run the country.

    Download Book Best Sellers in PDF format talent, ability, and intelligence but no one wants to admit With four truths as his framework, Charles Murray, the bestselling coauthor of The Bell Curve, sweeps away the hypocrisy, wishful thinking, and upside down priorities that grip America s educational establishment Ability Real Education: ePUB í varies Children differ in their ability to learn, but America s educational system does its best to ignore this Half of the children are below average Many children cannot learn than rudimentary reading and math Yet decades of policies have required schools to divert resources to unattainable goals Too many people are going to college Only a fraction of students struggling to get a degree can profit from education at the college level America s future depends on how we educate Education: Four Simple PDF ↠ the academically gifted It is time to start thinking about the kind of education needed by the young people who will run the country."/>
  • Paperback
  • 224 pages
  • Real Education: Four Simple Truths for Bringing America's Schools Back to Reality
  • Charles Murray
  • English
  • 02 August 2017
  • 0307405397

About the Author: Charles Murray

Four Simple Epub á Charles Alan Murray is an American libertarian conservative political scientist, author, and columnist His book Losing Ground American Social Policy , which discussed the American welfare system, was widely read and discussed, and influenced subsequent government policy He became well known for his controversial book The Bell Curve , written with Richard Herrnstein, in which he argues that intelligence is a better predictor than parental socio economic status or education level of many individual outcomes including Real Education: ePUB í income, job performance, pregnancy out of wedlock, and crime, and that social welfare programs and education efforts to improve social outcomes for the disadvantaged are largely wasted.



10 thoughts on “Real Education: Four Simple Truths for Bringing America's Schools Back to Reality

  1. Vincent Vincent says:

    I was in the bookstore on Saturday, saw that Charles Murray had put out a new book, and said, Dammit, because I knew I HAD to read it and therefore shell out 25 for it.He discusses four truths of contemporary American education I think his first two truths ability varies half of all children are below average are undebatable Few would disagree with his fourth truth America s future depends on the education of the academically gifted on its face, but they might disagree with his recomme I was in the bookstore on Saturday, saw that Charles Murray had put out a new book, and said, Dammit, because I knew I HAD to read it and therefore shell out 25 for it.He discusses four truths of contemporary American education I think his first two truths ability varies half of all children are below average are undebatable Few would disagree with his fourth truth America s future depends on the education of the academically gifted on its face, but they might disagree with his recommendations for their education.The third truth too many kids go to college is likely the most controversial, but also the one most worth reading Murray argues convincingly that we re too obsessed with sending college aged kids to college, which is different from educating college aged kids Never mind that a lot of kids aren t well suited for college, but college doesn t provide what would be best for a lot of kids.Anyhoo Worth reading The sad thing is that too many people will think, Charles Murray Isn t he that Bell Curve guy and dismiss the book entirely Parents, teachers, administrators, school board members, education bureaucrats, and politicians at each level of government would do well to read this book and internalize its message

  2. Bojan Tunguz Bojan Tunguz says:

    Charles Murray is one of the best known researchers and writers on various public policy topics He is oftentimes maligned due to the fact that many of his positions and arguments fly in the face of the popular wisdom and challenge some of our most cherished prejudices In the case of education, those prejudices have been the source of countless reforms that have had very little, if any, impact on the actual achievements of students they were meant to help The latest one of those attempts, th Charles Murray is one of the best known researchers and writers on various public policy topics He is oftentimes maligned due to the fact that many of his positions and arguments fly in the face of the popular wisdom and challenge some of our most cherished prejudices In the case of education, those prejudices have been the source of countless reforms that have had very little, if any, impact on the actual achievements of students they were meant to help The latest one of those attempts, the No Child Left Behind act NCLB was the immediate inspiration of a series of articles that Charles Murray wrote for the Wall Street Journal Those articles have been expanded and turned into this book Because of politically sensitive nature of the topic, Murray is banding backwards to try to make his assumption as uncontroversial as possible and avoid for the most part the minefields of race, class and gender The four assumptions that he bases all of his arguments are the following 1 Ability varies 2 Half of the children are below average 3 Too many people are going to college 4 America s future depends on how we educate the academically gifted The veracity of some of these assumptions can hardly be questioned the second one is just a tautology However, most people don t look education or their intellectual ability rationally, so it is worthwhile emphasizing the obvious On the other hand the last two assumptions are very politically unpopular, and Murray expends considerable amount of space in backing them up and presenting the best possible arguments in their favor Unfortunately, I am not too optimistic that this book will have much of an impact on people who really need to make hard political choices The real hope for change lays elsewhere in an increasing number of technological and social developments that will create new pressures on the traditional educational system The advent of the internet and the growing amount of resources for learning outside of the established educational venues will create an incentive forflexible and diverse educational experience The globalization of work will create pressures on schools and colleges to becomeopen to changes that will bring them in line with reality In a meanwhile, we have to be grateful that there are people out there like Charles Murray who are willing to write so clearly and persuasively about these issues This is also probably Charles Murray s most accessible book so far It is written in a conversational polemic style with no footnotes, graphs, or tables It is a very straightforward read and could be finished in a single sitting Overall, there is so much going for this book that I really hope it will be read by a very wide audience

  3. Skylar Burris Skylar Burris says:

    Real Education injects some much needed realism into the never ceasing education debate Charles Murray insists we must first dispense with educational romanticism before we can better serve students of all academic abilities It s time, he argues, to admit some brutal truths 1 By definition, half of all children are of below average academic ability 2 Children cannot, in reality, be anything they want 3 Too many people are going to college 4 We are expecting too much of the lower half Real Education injects some much needed realism into the never ceasing education debate Charles Murray insists we must first dispense with educational romanticism before we can better serve students of all academic abilities It s time, he argues, to admit some brutal truths 1 By definition, half of all children are of below average academic ability 2 Children cannot, in reality, be anything they want 3 Too many people are going to college 4 We are expecting too much of the lower half of students and too little of the upper twenty percent, and, in doing so, we are failing both.Murray thinks it important to emphasize that merit as a person and academic ability are different things and stop sending the message that people are failures if they do not go to college Yes, Murray says, we have to improve public education too, but even if we eschew progressive educational theories and return to traditional methods of teaching reading and math, even if we have the best possible schools and the best possible teachers, there is only so much we can improve reading and math scores for those of below average academic ability Indeed, he points out, extensive research shows that there is limited correlation between the quality of schools and academic achievement the largest positive correlation is family background.We should, Murray agrees with many educational reformers, save children from truly abysmal schools through school choice, and we should improve the curriculum of schools by transmitting cultural literacy facts that simply are not being taught most places any But we must acknowledge that natural ability limits how well children can do in the realm of reading comprehension and mathematical logic Schools have no choice but to leave some children behind Not to neglect them, but not to promote them beyond their capabilities either We have to stop punishing teachers because they cannot enable students to improve their math and reading scores to an unrealistic level.Most of all, Murray thinks we need to conduct thorough research to determine what the real academic limits of the average child are and what really qualifies as grade level reading and math One of the most irresponsible trends in modern education has been the reduction in rigorous, systematic assessment of the abilities of all students in their care To demand that students meet standards without regard to their academic ability is wrong and cruel to children who are unable to meet those standards And when it comes to educating the academically gifted and by this term he means something like the top 15 25 percent in intellectual ability , we have to emphasize that hard work is a greater virtue than chance brains we have to challenge the academically gifted we have to allow them to experience failure so that they can learn humility.While I don t agree with all of his conclusions or proposals, I do think that, on the whole, Murray says something that desperately needs to be said, particularly with regard to college The B.A has become an extremely costly pre requisite for a great many jobs for which it does not need to be and at one time was not a pre requisite, and this greatly injures those who cannot afford, or do not have the intellectual rigor to obtain, a B.A Certification for numerous jobs would be a better,practical, andaffordable course to follow Not everyone can handle an advanced liberal arts education as for a basic liberal arts education, Murray argues that can and should be transmitted in elementary and high school, with a return to content based curriculum that focuses on cultural literacy He describes how school choice is expanding, but we have to make it accessible to the poor as well, not just the wealthy.I recently read another book on education called, Dumbing Us Down In the book, John Taylor Gatto said that he really believes every child has the potential to be a genius That bothered me deeply, but I couldn t quite put my finger on why Isn t it good to be optimistic about our children, to expect the best of them, to not sell our children short Don t children largely do what is expected of them, and won t setting low standards mean low performance Well, yes and no Children do tend to perform to expectations within the limits of their abilities Set low expectations for the academically gifted, and they will perform at a lower level than they are capable of But what if you set expectations that are too high Murray put his finger on what bothers me so much about this benighted every child is a genius waiting to be discovered optimism We all know we have limits Even if we are academically gifted, we can think of something in which we have no talent music, art, athletics, public speaking and think what it would be like or what it was like to be expected to perform at a level beyond our abilities When your smiling, well meaning person in authority said, You can do it if you try, and you knew it was not true , the well meaning person was not raising your self esteem Not getting you to find untapped resources within you He was humiliating you If we are not good at art, athletics, or music, we are generally allowed to bow out of competition in those areas Not so in academics Only for linguistics and logical mathematical ability are we told that we can expect everyone to do well Many children are pushed onto college prep tracts regardless of ability or interest, and if they really cannot handle the intellectual challenge, they are made to feel like failures rather than encouraged to excel within their limits This is not a call for wooly headed niceness or for inflating grades rather, it is a call for the redefinition of academic success, a definition that would emphasize working hard rather than being smart Murray insists that it can be counterproductive to praise children for being smart Better to praise them for working hard Intelligence is a gift of birth not much within one s means to control but working hard is a choice anyone can make.It is not that we do not have good vocational training resources in this country, Murray argues We do It is just that we discourage too many children from taking advantage of them because of our misguided notion that everyone should strive to enter college And the consequence is the deflation of the value of a B.A., a very expensive and time consuming pre requisite to workforce entry for many jobs, and a delay in maturity for many young men and women Educational optimism is a powerful force in today s public schools, and it has been enshrined in legislation through No Child Left Behind It is a fixture that will not be easy to dislodge in favor of a realism that may better benefit all students

  4. Billie Pritchett Billie Pritchett says:

    I have mixed feelings about Charles Murray s Real Education, although I think he s partially right The subtitle of the book is Four Simple Truths for Bringing America s Schools Back to Reality Here are his four simple truths The first basic truth is that ability varies This is undoubtable, I think, and shouldn t be uncontroversial, but if it s taken seriously then it could help change the way school systems tend to do a one size fits all education So not everybody can be expected to master I have mixed feelings about Charles Murray s Real Education, although I think he s partially right The subtitle of the book is Four Simple Truths for Bringing America s Schools Back to Reality Here are his four simple truths The first basic truth is that ability varies This is undoubtable, I think, and shouldn t be uncontroversial, but if it s taken seriously then it could help change the way school systems tend to do a one size fits all education So not everybody can be expected to master formal and informal logic or advanced mathematics, but neither could everyone be expected to master dance or painting.What Murray writes as the second basic truth is that half of all children are below average Murray argue this must be true by virtue of the law of distribution On a normal bell curve, it s natural that 50% of the people are performing below average, and 50% are performing above average And the measure getsnuanced, actually For example, about 60% of all students are standard test measures are in the middle, 20% one standard deviation either way, and the number gets smaller as you move toward either extreme While it s true that Murray is correct that the law of distribution applies to standard test measures and doesn t seem like it would change, it s hard to see what to do about this Perhaps Murray s basic point is that accepting this reality will stop making people worry so much about pumping students up beyond this measure or inflating grades.Murray s third basic truth is that too many people are going to college He thinks if we accept the first basic truths, especially the second, we would realize that not everyone ought to go to college, and anyway, it cheapens what it means to hold a Bachelor of Arts degree or Bachelor of Science, when everyone is going for one, and then after enrollment virtually everyone can get one I think Murray is probably right and that a university education should be for those who want to learn for learnings sake and not go because it promises an opening on the job market.The fourth basic truth is that America s future depends on how we educate the academically gifted Here, Murray argues that we can train the academically gifted to become the social and economic elite This is perhaps the most troubling of his truths Perhaps unsurprisingly, those who are often dubbed academically gifted also happen to come from affluent families because it s affluent families who can afford to give their children Ivy League higher education This final truth might only be a good idea only if those who are dubbed the academically gifted were truly able to be called or become academically gifted not through the social conditions or the economic system but on their own merit But even then, there is a problem because any meritocratic system does not take the possibility for dumb luck or random failure into account, the sorts of mistakes people could make that could be life changing In a system that aspires to be meritocratic, those who don t succeed and those who do succeed are judged to be deserving of their positions, as if dumb luck never has any role So I m highly skeptical of this final clause.It s true that there needs to be a lot of educational reform But there would not be some institutional changes to what the really existing conditions are for that reform to take place Some of these sorts of proposals were proposed by Howard Gardner in his book Multiple Intelligences The basic idea is that children need to be guided, sure, but sort of left to find their own interests early in their life and then they can develop toward that interest There might be a basic curriculum that students are expected to learn just to be considered a knowledgable well rounded citizen but again childhood should be exploratory, and then work from there I know these are flippant remarks I m making, and they need further justification But anyway, I d recommend this book, even though I thought it was flawed

  5. Aaron Aaron says:

    A worthwhile read I agree with most of Murray s ideas Found him a bit verbose at times.

  6. Lynn Lynn says:

    Charles Murray wrote a few articles in the Wall Street Journal and expanded them into this book The most memorable statement from both the articles and the book was that 50% of students are below average in educational ability People took offense to this statement, not because he assumed students fall on a normal curve and he may have misused the term average , but because it offended their educational romanticism If 50% of children are below average in educational attainment, 50% of childre Charles Murray wrote a few articles in the Wall Street Journal and expanded them into this book The most memorable statement from both the articles and the book was that 50% of students are below average in educational ability People took offense to this statement, not because he assumed students fall on a normal curve and he may have misused the term average , but because it offended their educational romanticism If 50% of children are below average in educational attainment, 50% of children will always be left behind.He wrote about a few things that I have disagreed with in previous blogs, including how important it is to get educational instruction in the humanities I didn t think this was necessary since the top 10% he speaks of as needing this instruction are capable of teaching themselves However, his arguments for a liberal education left me with doubts about my previous opinion I could be wrong maybe it is necessary to teach the humanities Perhaps people can t just be taught how to think, they need inspirational instruction to think In addition he convinced me that I have been neglecting some of the 7 types of intelligence, although it could be argued that most of what I ignored when discussing education in the past may not be open to instruction, especially in today s educational environment.Here is the list of Murray s seven abilities 1 Bodily kinesthetic from Leonard Hofstadter to Mark McGuire.2 Musical from the tone deaf to Mozart3 Spatial This isthan the skills of Daniel Boone, it includes the spatial and mental visualizations of architects and engineers.4 Linguistic writing and understanding written material I earlier questioned the radical assertion of Steven Landsburg, that you only need the Logical mathematical ability and the linguistic will follow I think item 5 is necessary for item 4, but not sufficient.5 Logical mathematical This is probably the most important in doing well It is highly correlated with 4, and moderately correlated with 3, 6 and 7 my opinion, not necessarily Murray s If you can t think logically, you can t do any of the other 4 items well.6 Interpersonal social intelligence probablycorrelated with 7 than 5.7 Intrapersonal self knowledge.I m not sure our existing educational system is designed to do the following well 6, 7, 1, 3, and possibly 2 Everything seems geared to 4 and 5, and Murray shows why it s not well designed for even these two skills I believe 4 without 5 results in a literary intellectual who cannot tell the difference between fashionable nonsense and sense It does appear difficult to be lead down a post modernist, nonsensical belief system by concentrating primarily on 5 and excluding 4, but I can see where no understanding of 4 could handicap you with 6 and 7 In other words, it appears instruction in 4 is necessary, especially for the decision and rule makers of society But a decision maker without 5 results in this.The best indication something is wrong with education is the fact that anyone in the early 20th century could walk into a modern public classroom and know exactly what it is Considering all the technological changes in other areas, that is an amazing and disheartening fact Murray identifies what went wrong, and he proposes solutions that will upset every member of the educational establishment that is interested in keeping their job as it is most union members Since politicians cater to fashionable nonsense and the teachers unions, they are a big part of the problem.I agree with almost all of Murray s conclusions about what is wrong, and almost all of his conclusions about what needs to be done Here is a quick summary Quit educating as if we live in Lake Woebegone, where every kid is above average Teach the core curriculum and quit wasting time on lesson plans in K 8 Don t use high school only as college prep Start to assess the tracks kids should be on by ninth grade, and leave room for reversals School choice is necessary to improve schools and encourage innovation Don t use the BA as a filter for employer hiring Employers should use certifications in most cases, not graduations.I have personally seen how certifications are the best indicator for job skills in my occupation A Microsoft Certification or a Cisco Certification was unbelievably reliable in predicting job success The BA was virtually useless, although most of those certifying did have BA s There are some occupations which may require a BA before certification, but only because it would be very difficult to certify without the background in the particular specialty.When we can imagine Teddy Roosevelt walking into a school and not knowing where he is, that will be real education

  7. Melanie Melanie says:

    Point 1 Ability varies Though there are multiple intelligences, it is a fallacy that everyone is particularly good at one or , and there is a definite correlation between six of the seven kinesthetic physical is the one without any strongly observed correlation as of the writing, though athletes arelikely to be like Tiger Woods than Donte Stallworth Also kids who are above average in one tend to also be above average in the other ones Point 2 Half of the kids are below average Point 1 Ability varies Though there are multiple intelligences, it is a fallacy that everyone is particularly good at one or , and there is a definite correlation between six of the seven kinesthetic physical is the one without any strongly observed correlation as of the writing, though athletes arelikely to be like Tiger Woods than Donte Stallworth Also kids who are above average in one tend to also be above average in the other ones Point 2 Half of the kids are below average This is statistical fact Even if you raise the median, half of the kids will be below it, and Murray argues this is partly due to innate ability and partly due to family environment Expensive plans by the state to raise scores haven t worked much over the past 50 or so years One thing he doesn t seem to explore is the idea from Brain Rules for Baby is that kids won t learn retain perform well if their basic needs like food shelter security are not being met, though again it seems like it would only raise the floor, and maybe the average, but half of the people would still be below the new average Not that raising the average is bad Society benefits if everyone does better, even if each individual doesn t seem to benefit much.Point 3 Too many people are going to college Given the rigor of a traditional BA program, only maybe 15 25% of people are intellectually capable of handling it Some even suggest that maybe only 10% of people have enough mathematical and linguistic ability to handle a liberal arts education Obviously a lotthan that are going to college Some flunk out, and grade inflation is rampant Basically in order to make a college degree worth it most classes and schools are seriously dumbed down He suggests that people should consider becoming experts in their field even or especially if it s a trade rather than being mediocre degree holders One quote from page 95 In today s America, finding a first rate lawyer or physician is easy Finding first rate skilled labor is hard For people who are college bound, he suggests the current archetype of a four year resident program from age 18 23 or so is quickly becoming obsolete or impractical No one needs to spend four years on undergraduate coursework as a full time profession Improved communications and availability of other technologies are giving people alternatives to living and studying in one place Also, spending four years cloistered in a university promotes extended adolescence and delays autonomy of kids.Point 4 How we educate the gifted is important, because they ll be the up and coming elite, movers and changers, entrepreneurs, and what have you He favors a strong statistical background, a strong background in logic, a strong background in rhetoric, and a strong background in ethics Another thing is is to properly ground gifted children, give them lessons in humility, stop with the ridiculous self esteem building and you re so smart platitudes because they make kids risk averse All kids need to be challenged and tested until they find their absolute limits of understanding capability Colleges make it too easy for smart humanities liberal arts majors to avoid difficult math and science classes He suggests de emphasizing the BA and encouragingprofessional certifications like the CPA designation in lieu of 4 year degrees from prestigious colleges since too many people go there and often for the wrong reasons He s also an advocate of early assessment of children s abilities andchoice in primary secondary education

  8. Seth Seth says:

    Murray has not cowered since his inflammatory IQ arguments in the mid 90 s Here, Murray argues that educational romantics are harming the least academically gifted children and the most academically gifted ones by ignoring inherent abilities He cleverly uses Multiple Intelligence theory to argue that we must face inherent capacity no matter what natural aptitudes a child may have He focuses on three of the seven general types of intelligence spatial, logical, and verbal These are the academ Murray has not cowered since his inflammatory IQ arguments in the mid 90 s Here, Murray argues that educational romantics are harming the least academically gifted children and the most academically gifted ones by ignoring inherent abilities He cleverly uses Multiple Intelligence theory to argue that we must face inherent capacity no matter what natural aptitudes a child may have He focuses on three of the seven general types of intelligence spatial, logical, and verbal These are the academic intelligences andor less represent g the thing IQ is testing to find The reason why this set up is so clever is because it disarms arguments about squabbling over what intelligence actually is When someone dismisses that intelligence means somethingbroad than IQ, they distract themselves from academic aptitude Thus, Murray uses the Multiple Intelligence set up to contextualize and concede that many intelligences exist but for the sake of education only three main types of intelligence are relevant.I especially appreciate Murray s policy vision He makes recommendations on improving upon the impotent system described He would like educators to once and for all settle the question of whether its even possible to make dumb kids smart His proposition is to spend whatever it takes on a sample group of dumb kids and teach them using all available methods and spend millions if necessary to do what it takes to make them smarter He predicts that it won t substantially change these kids long term academic prowess.Its a daring and refreshing argument which should at least be thought about by educators, policy makers, and voters

  9. Allison Allison says:

    Murray argues The goal of education is to bring children into adulthood having discovered things they enjoy doing and doing them at the outermost limits of their potential The goal applies equally to every child, across the entire range of every ability This is not the same as preparing all students to be college ready, which is the apparent goal of most current educational policy This book explores many differences between current and ideal practices and is extremely rich food for though Murray argues The goal of education is to bring children into adulthood having discovered things they enjoy doing and doing them at the outermost limits of their potential The goal applies equally to every child, across the entire range of every ability This is not the same as preparing all students to be college ready, which is the apparent goal of most current educational policy This book explores many differences between current and ideal practices and is extremely rich food for thought These topics would be of interest to all education administrators, particularly those in secondary and post secondary settings

  10. Mike Horne Mike Horne says:

    Good book, easy read though I imagine easy to hate very interested in reading some negative reviews I don t think there is much I disagree with Too many people go to college And four years is too long Teach kids lots of facts in k to 8th Give smart people a chance to fail.

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