The Reader ePUB Ê

The Reader ❮PDF❯ ✪ The Reader ✑ Author Bernhard Schlink – Natus-physiotherapy.co.uk An exceptionally powerful novel exploring the themes of betrayal, guilt and memory against the background of the Holocaust An international bestsellerFor year old Michael Berg, a chance meeting with An exceptionally powerful novel exploring the themes of betrayal, guilt and memory against the background of the Holocaust An international bestsellerForyear old Michael Berg, a chance meeting with an older woman leads to far than he ever imagined The woman in question is Hanna, and before long they embark on a passionate, clandestine love affair which leaves Michael both euphoric and confused For Hanna is not all she seems Years later, as a law student observing a trial in Germany, Michael is shocked to realize that the person in the dock is Hanna The woman he had loved is a criminal Much about her behaviour during the trial does not make sense But then suddenly, and terribly, it does Hanna is not only obliged to answer for a horrible crime, she is also desperately concealing an even deeper secret A tender, horrifying novel that shows blazingly well how the Holocaust should be dealt with in fiction A thriller, a love story and a deeply moving examination of a German conscience INDEPENDENT.


10 thoughts on “The Reader

  1. BlackOxford BlackOxford says:

    What About the Children The Reader is a profound exposition of the second generation issues concerning moral guilt for the Holocaust But it is, I think, also relevantgenerally to the way in which human beings get ensnared incrementally into the evils of their society We are all inevitably involved in this larger problem And, like the SS guards at a Nazi death camp, we are unaware of the moral peril of our situation, and unwilling to remove ourselves from that situation even when its h What About the Children The Reader is a profound exposition of the second generation issues concerning moral guilt for the Holocaust But it is, I think, also relevantgenerally to the way in which human beings get ensnared incrementally into the evils of their society We are all inevitably involved in this larger problem And, like the SS guards at a Nazi death camp, we are unaware of the moral peril of our situation, and unwilling to remove ourselves from that situation even when its harmful effects are obvious.To bepersonal and concrete At the moment I have three acquaintances, each of whom has had a reasonably successful corporate career one as an investment manager in the City, the second as a senior executive of an international sporting organisation, and the third as a partner of a global accounting firm All three are, however, deeply dissatisfied with their lives Their marriages, they all feel, are on the edge of breakdown One has had a psychological breakdown and is now institutionalised Another has been made redundant and, despite a large payout, sees nothing but existential gloom for the rest of his days The last is disgusted with the complete indifference of both his colleagues and clients to the visible harm their firms are inflicting on the world All of them, it shouldn t be necessary to emphasise, volunteered for the careers and styles of living they now suffer from.A central question posed to The Reader s defendant in her trial for causing the death of Jewish prisoners trapped in a burning church is, Why didn t you unlock the door I posed essentially the same question to my three acquaintances The situation you now find yourself in did not occur overnight I gently suggested, Therefore as you perceived what was happening to your mind, to your family, to the quality of your life, to national culture, why didn t you stop In principle, stopping is even less difficult than unlocking a door The reasons given for not stopping were almost identical in all three cases I can t afford to The financial denotation of afford , however, wasn t the main point Guilt in not providing what their families needed was important Financial compensation had become just that compensation for the companionship of marriage and family that had been denied This was associated with a fear of the disappointment or disapproval by their friends and family Success is naturally a social matter defined for us by those we know well But upon pushing a bit harder, it was also clear that the common strand among them was that each believed he had somehow let himself down by not realising the full potential he believed he had in him This psychic driver of being the best you can struck loud bells in my own experience It also reminded me of the remarkable book by Karen Ho, a social researcher from Princeton Her ethnographic study of the life and culture of Wall Street, Liquidated, is as insightful as it is troublesome to anyone who asks themselves why indeed they have not simply unlocked the door to an alternative life As she discovered in her employment in an investment bank, the culture of professional firms like Goldman Sachs and McKinsey Company is grounded in a simple, direct message You are here or want to be here in the case of applicants because you are the best and want to be among the best Call it the Culture of Presumptive Excellence CPE for short.CPE is what stimulates people to work consistently impossible hours, in places distant from home, with no respite It also justifies the treatment of subordinates as corporate fodder, hiring and firing with panache, and insisting on single minded loyalty as one moves up the ranks Standards of excellence, after all, do not maintain themselves In my experience, CPE, not compensation, or excitement, or perks , is the motive force of not just Wall Street but of the entire global corporate world Escaping that world is no easier than escaping the totalitarian society of Nazi Germany The identity and the obligations of being the best is a very powerful lock indeed, without any obvious key.Of course CPE is not merely a corporate problem it is a societal problem It is a problem of the perceived order Schlink s war trial defendant, Hanna, did not unlock the doors of the church to let the prisoners out, not because she is evil or because she was following orders She was afraid, she says, of the disorder that would have ensued prisoners running amok without the proper supervision to get them back in marching line It is this same disorder that my three acquaintances seem to fear most The problem with being the best is that the criterion for being best has to be set by someone with authority The self identity of the best depends on this To reject this classification and the criteria that define it, one also must reject the authority that sanctioned it This authority is so diffuse throughout society, that to reject it means to reject the entire society The loss of both identity and context for establishing a new identity is the ultimate disorder, chaos.Jean Korelitz, for example, herself a former admissions officer for Princeton, shows how pervasive the CPE is in the steps before entering the corporate world in her novel, Admission Princeton s pitch to applicants is exactly the same as that of the Wall Street firms to its applicants As the best, you will want to stay among the best, so apply to Princeton The stage before this, entry into prep school, is also fictionalised from experience, in turn, by Louis Auchincloss, particularly in his novel, The Rector of Justin The message doesn t vary We are the best and will help you stay among the best The destruction of personalities, families, and culture by CPE is systematic And it is systematically defended even by those whom it excludes The effects of CPE extend beyond those who are certifiably, as it were, the best to those who aspire to become part of the elite Deficiencies are masked by the aspiration itself, which is merely the acceptance of the defining authority In The Reader, Hanna is able to hide her secret shame by joining the SS, an elite corps I can say with a moral certainty that all three of my acquaintances have what are, to them, equivalent to Hanna s secret deficiencies Fear of exposure is therefore a powerful motivation to keep the system going, to promote its stable orderliness even when it is so evidently destructive.Schlink s narrator, Michael Berg, knows that Hanna could not have committed the crimes she is accused of because of the secret she is unwilling to reveal She may be guilty but not as guilty as she appears, or of what she is charged with What duty does he have to unlock the door with which she has imprisoned herself To speak up, either to her or the court, would expose her to profound shame, greater shame even than that of being found guilty of war crimes perhaps And if he does decide to speak up, how should he do it to her To her lawyer To the judge I feel the same dilemmas in advising my acquaintances, knowing that any mis step could provoke yetconsternation as well as a pointed lack of gratitude for my solicited but still impertinent advice.Berg s father, a philosopher, advises a simple ethical rule don t try to second guess the criterion of the good that an individual has established for himself This is useless advice It simply anoints conformity as the ethical norm Conformity is the opposite of resistance, a capacity for which is essential to avoid personal co optation, to either totalitarianism or corporatism Resistance which can take many forms All of them dangerous because they challenge order and the power behind order And all demand apparently un virtuous behaviour How can one advise such a course to anyone one cares about Ultimately Berg fails to act at all I find myself in Berg s position I feel any advice I can give is vapid To suggest resistance against a corporate culture that is so pervasive and so domineering is madness I can only ask the question Best is the superlative for what But I can t answer the question I am as trapped as anyone else Will the children of my acquaintances, or my own, look at the lives of their parents with the same dismay as the so called second generation of German children perceived their parents after 1945 Schlink s story ends in tragic sadness and unresolved guilt Perhaps no other ending is possible


  2. karen karen says:

    booring is that a review this was just very flat to me i wasn t offended by the subject matter i could care less about the scandalous elements but the writing was so clinical and thin at one point, i blamed the translation, but c mon its not that hard to translate german to english i can t do it, of course, but it s supposed to be one of the easiest translations i have nothing helpful to say about this except i was bored bored bored the characters were unappealing, the twists we booring is that a review this was just very flat to me i wasn t offended by the subject matter i could care less about the scandalous elements but the writing was so clinical and thin at one point, i blamed the translation, but c mon its not that hard to translate german to english i can t do it, of course, but it s supposed to be one of the easiest translations i have nothing helpful to say about this except i was bored bored bored the characters were unappealing, the twists were ho hum, and i thought it very dry.i don t know what oprah was thinkingcome to my blog


  3. Ahmad Sharabiani Ahmad Sharabiani says:

    Der Vorleser The reader, Bernhard SchlinkThe Reader is a novel by German law professor and judge Bernhard Schlink, published in Germany in 1995 The story is told in three parts by the main character, Michael Berg Each part takes place in a different time period in the past Part I begins in a West German city in 1958 After 15 year old Michael becomes ill on his way home, 36 year old tram conductor Hanna Schmitz notices him, cleans him up, and sees him safely home He spends the next three m Der Vorleser The reader, Bernhard SchlinkThe Reader is a novel by German law professor and judge Bernhard Schlink, published in Germany in 1995 The story is told in three parts by the main character, Michael Berg Each part takes place in a different time period in the past Part I begins in a West German city in 1958 After 15 year old Michael becomes ill on his way home, 36 year old tram conductor Hanna Schmitz notices him, cleans him up, and sees him safely home He spends the next three months absent from school battling hepatitis Part 2, Six years later, while attending law school, Michael is part of a group of students observing a war crimes trial A group of middle aged women who had served as SS guards at a satellite of Auschwitz in occupied Poland are being tried for allowing 300 Jewish women under their ostensible protection to die in a fire locked in a church that had been bombed during the evacuation of the camp The incident was chronicled in a book written by one of the few survivors, who emigrated to the United States after the war she is the main prosecution witness at the trial Part 3, Years have passed, Michael is divorced and has a daughter from his brief marriage He is trying to come to terms with his feelings for Hanna, and begins taping readings of books and sending them to her without any correspondence while she is in prison Hanna begins to teach herself to read, and then write in a childlike way, by borrowing the books from the prison library and following the tapes along in the text She writes to Michael, but he cannot bring himself to reply After 18 years, Hanna is about to be released, so he agrees after hesitation to find her a place to stay and employment, visiting her in prison On the day of her release in 1983, she commits suicide and Michael is heartbroken Michael learns from the warden that she had been reading books by many prominent Holocaust survivors, such as Elie Wiesel, Primo Levi, Tadeusz Borowski, and histories of the camps The warden, in her anger towards Michael for communicating with Hanna only by audio tapes, expresses Hanna s disappointment Hanna left him an assignment give all her money to the survivor of the church fire 2004 1381 239 9643211703 1388 204 9789646082755 20 1958


  4. Lavinia Lavinia says:

    I have the feeling there sthan one way of looking at this book On one hand it can be viewed as a bildungsroman, it follows Michael Berg since the age of 15 till full maturity On the other hand, it s the post war German generation coming to terms with their past, the Nazi crimes and their parents guilt Guilt, actually, is a recurring theme in the novel Hanna is guilty of war crimes, Michael is guilty for betrayal plus he feels guilty for having loved Hanna and asks himself if that mak I have the feeling there sthan one way of looking at this book On one hand it can be viewed as a bildungsroman, it follows Michael Berg since the age of 15 till full maturity On the other hand, it s the post war German generation coming to terms with their past, the Nazi crimes and their parents guilt Guilt, actually, is a recurring theme in the novel Hanna is guilty of war crimes, Michael is guilty for betrayal plus he feels guilty for having loved Hanna and asks himself if that makes him a criminal as well , Michael s father for not being enough of a father The question you get stuck with, after reading, is Hanna s question addressed to the judge What would you have done The question I am stuck with is What would have happened if the truth had been told On a bohemian level, the novel is about love for books and reading, so that s a plus for bookworms


  5. Emily May Emily May says:

    I m not really sure why this book is considered one of the best books of all time and managed to make into the big 1001 list Most of the time, even if I don t like a book, I tend to understand why someone else picked it In this case, I m rather clueless Is it, perhaps, that people see in it some message about humanity when Hanna won t purchase her freedom with the secret she has kept hidden for years Is it the vivid sexual tale of a teenage boy with an older woman Are we supposed to be shoc I m not really sure why this book is considered one of the best books of all time and managed to make into the big 1001 list Most of the time, even if I don t like a book, I tend to understand why someone else picked it In this case, I m rather clueless Is it, perhaps, that people see in it some message about humanity when Hanna won t purchase her freedom with the secret she has kept hidden for years Is it the vivid sexual tale of a teenage boy with an older woman Are we supposed to be shocked by it The novel starts with a romance when fifteen year old Michael finds himself ill on the way home from school and is taken in by a woman twice his age They begin an affair which is described by numerous critics as erotic This was the first hurdle my enjoyment came up against When I was fifteen with raging hormones and an extremely good looking history teacher, I would probably have been able to appreciate the eroticism of such an opportunity to have an illicit affair with someone much older and experienced But that s just a bunch of teenage fantasies that would never have become realities Now, it creeps me out I couldn t see it as a love story, I saw it as being about an adult who takes advantage of a child all very ironic when I think about my first interpretation of Lolita, but I guess I grew up somewhat.It has been suggested that we are expected to draw parallels between Hanna s secret and the behaviour of most German people during the second world war, that is why Schlink deliberately set the novel in this fragile post war period But I m really not a fan of stories that are one big metaphor for something else or no, maybe it isn t so much that I don t like that, butthat it has to be done in a manner which I find appealing and it has to be obvious I refuse to believe in metaphors that have been proposed by some random critic and then jumped on by everyone else I m trying not to give away Hanna s secret in case there are people who haven t worked it out straight away, but I wasn t buying into this metaphor.This combined with the author s sparse tone quickly distanced me from the novel I just prefer interesting and complex characters, an engaging plot, relationships I care about I prefer all this over metaphor In the end, metaphor is subjective and if I can t see it myself without someone else suggesting it to me then I believe either the author failed to make their metaphorical point clearly enough or the metaphor itself doesn t exist


  6. Whitney Atkinson Whitney Atkinson says:

    This is the deep character development and type of writing that i ve been craving A book that made me think and ask so many questions Sometimes I felt like I was struggling through really heavy writing, but the actual story itself and the moral questions that arise from its telling were really, really interesting and I surprised myself with how much I found myself contemplating this novel Someone told me there s a movie with Kate Winslet and she is my actual wife so i m gonna go track that do This is the deep character development and type of writing that i ve been craving A book that made me think and ask so many questions Sometimes I felt like I was struggling through really heavy writing, but the actual story itself and the moral questions that arise from its telling were really, really interesting and I surprised myself with how much I found myself contemplating this novel Someone told me there s a movie with Kate Winslet and she is my actual wife so i m gonna go track that down bye


  7. Apokripos Apokripos says:

    There are some books you know will stay with you forever, and Bernhard Schlink s The Reader is definitely one of them It has been highly critically acclaimed, winning the Boston Book Review s Fisk Fiction Prize, and it deserves all the praise it has received The Holocaust is a difficult, though much covered, subject matter, and this novel has a sure touch and an appealing lack of judgment with it The story begins in the world of almost childhood of fifteen year old Michael Berg, recovering fr There are some books you know will stay with you forever, and Bernhard Schlink s The Reader is definitely one of them It has been highly critically acclaimed, winning the Boston Book Review s Fisk Fiction Prize, and it deserves all the praise it has received The Holocaust is a difficult, though much covered, subject matter, and this novel has a sure touch and an appealing lack of judgment with it The story begins in the world of almost childhood of fifteen year old Michael Berg, recovering from a summer of hepatitis, begins a relationship with Hanna, a much older woman he meets by chance The first part of the novel, untouched by the shadow of the recent war or Germany s disturbed and dangerous past, deals with Michael and Hanna s burgeoning relationship, and the little fears and worries that can make up one big problem Eventually, as we know it must, their relationship ends and Hanna moves away.When the book moves on to the second part, the tone has changed considerably Michael, now a law student, attends the trial of female Nazi war criminals To his shock, one of them is Hanna, who had been a camp guard at Auschwitz I won t sayfor fear of spoiling it for you, but the Holocaust is seriously considered in the light of philosophy and moral responsibility There is an attitude that one becomes numb to the horror of it all if too exposed to it, and this book does not go into ghastly detail, but rather examines evenpainful details who was to blame, how do we live with the suffering, how can one atone, and most of all, what is the next generation to do It also looks at what it means to love someone, how much we can accept of them and how blind we can be to those we love Love, guilt and betrayal feature prominently in this novel.In many ways Hanna was innocent, and yet it becomes apparent that she lived every day with terrible guilt Michael was a victim of her actions, and yet he too is guilty by association The reader of the title is Michael, who read to Hanna during the early part of the relationship the reader is Hanna, alone in prison occupying herself by learning about the experiences of camp inmates The reader is selected individuals in the camps who read aloud to Hanna, and may have died because of it But most of all, the reader is ourselves the title points the finger at us, because now we have the knowledge, what should we do with it If all it takes for evil to prevail is for the good to remain silent, then how innocent are any of us And how can we deal with the subsequent guilt There are so many layers to this subtly complex novel that having just finished it, I have to start it again The transforming power of words is negated by their ultimate futility, and actions in this novel speak deafeningly loud.If we have a responsibility towards the past, to learn from it, and I believe we do, then this book will help us to go some way towards fulfilling it


  8. Hirdesh Hirdesh says:

    Great book.Wonderful piece and remotely expressed Words flowing like water in oceans.I d Miss someone with that book.As the Young Lady entangled with teen.Which flows the flawless love between them even when she got life imprisonment, She was turned to old And Teen was turned to Man.Time had changed, but their love sustained as he gave her recordings of stories.Lovely Book.Also, Watch movie based on this novel, My one of favourite actress, the drama Queen Kate Winslet s performance was surreal Great book.Wonderful piece and remotely expressed Words flowing like water in oceans.I d Miss someone with that book.As the Young Lady entangled with teen.Which flows the flawless love between them even when she got life imprisonment, She was turned to old And Teen was turned to Man.Time had changed, but their love sustained as he gave her recordings of stories.Lovely Book.Also, Watch movie based on this novel, My one of favourite actress, the drama Queen Kate Winslet s performance was surreal


  9. ─░ntellecta ─░ntellecta says:

    The book is clearly structured Also the choice of words is at a normal level and therefore also suitable for beginners in classical, great literature.


  10. Lisa Lisa says:

    This novel breaks so many taboos, it is hard to know where to start reflecting on it And yet, its plot is not unrealistic or uncommon It is about a sexual relationship between a young man and an older woman.It is about illiteracy and shame.It is about crimes against humanity, committed out of helplessness and an egocentric wish to hide one s own weakness.It is about the Holocaust weighing on the shoulders of post 1945 Germany s population.It is about the past being reshaped in memory when furt This novel breaks so many taboos, it is hard to know where to start reflecting on it And yet, its plot is not unrealistic or uncommon It is about a sexual relationship between a young man and an older woman.It is about illiteracy and shame.It is about crimes against humanity, committed out of helplessness and an egocentric wish to hide one s own weakness.It is about the Holocaust weighing on the shoulders of post 1945 Germany s population.It is about the past being reshaped in memory when further knowledge about a person adds a new layer to a relationship.It is about the coexistence of complete indifference towards the lives of many human beings and compassion for one specific individual.It is surprisingly not much about hatred, despite the topic.It is about overcoming a disability.It is about facing justice or not.It is painful to read And yet hope hides in a corner.If you can t read it yourself, find someone who is willing to read it to you Or record it on tape Literacy is a massive achievement and immensely important for human communication.Read it


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